The following table points out some very important and extremely significant differences among several stone manufacturers in the marketplace. Knowledge of the differences will lead to a better understanding of the long-term effects of these differences.
Most manufactured stone looks good. Getting a truly “natural look” can be a challenge, and some stone fall short in that area. Many times, even though the stone looks good in a display, the installed look may not please the eye of the beholder. A poor installation can make any product look bad. Be sure to look at the workmanship of the installer you are considering. If you are the talented homeowner, and are installing the stone yourself, be attentive to detail and follow the recommended installation procedures. You can do a professional quality job if you don’t rush it.
There is some considerable difference in the weight of manufactured stones. Some companies will try to have their products be the “lightest” when compared to the product of their competitors. Often this is done at the expense of other important considerations, such as strength, moisture resistance and density. As long as the stone may be installed using traditional methods for man-made stone, a little extra weight in the product does not present problems. In fact, it usually indicates that the manufacturer has more design considerations that promote durability and longevity built into his product.
The test criteria are established by the American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) as they apply to manufactured stone products. The ASTM has been held to be the recognized standard for uniformity and reliability in testing methods of our type of product.
Appleridge Stone may be installed to most interior and exterior wall surfaces. Preparation of the surface varies for different building materials. In general, stone may be applied directly to unpainted and unsealed masonry surfaces. Metal lath must first be applied to painted or sealed masonry or to wood, drywall, and other building material surfaces.
Written instructions for installation are available from your Appleridge dealer or distributor. There is also a helpful “job planner” available which will aid in calculating the material needs and costs for your project.
While Appleridge Stone is a great product for the do-it-yourselfer, we recognize that not everyone will choose to install the stone themselves. Most of our dealers and distributors will be able to recommend qualified contractors to provide installation services.
Measure the total surface area to be covered:
- Width x height = square footage
- Deduct for doors and windows…
For outside corners (a linear foot of corner stone works out to be 1 square foot):
- Measure the linear footage (height)
Therefore you would calculate as follows:
- If total job is 400 square feet (including 60 linear feet of corners) you would order 340 square feet of FLAT stones and 60 feet of CORNER stones.
WIRE LATH (not necessary if going over unpainted or unsealed block or brick):
TYPE “S” MORTAR:
- Use same square footage measurement you used for FLAT stone. (Do not deduct for corners.)
- One sheet of wire lath covers 18 square feet (27” x 8’).
- Install smooth down, rough up. Install horizontally 6” nailing pattern, nail securely on studs 4”.
- Be sure to wrap lath around corners (do NOT butt lath to a corner).
- You will need about 3 bags (80# each) of mortar for every 100 square feet of stone.
- 3 Bags (50# each) per 1 bag mortar
Mix Ratio – 3 part mortar / 4 part sand. Add enough water to blend to a creamy, paste-like mixture.
- Needed if going over wood, plaster board, etc. It keeps the water from leaching out of the mortar too fast. 15# felt paper can be found at your local lumberyard.
- One bag lasts quite a while if taken care of. Rinse out after each use.
1. What sets Appleridge Stone apart from the other manufactured stone?
Our durability, lower water absorption, (see Check the Specs) and our ability to custom color.
2. What’s the advantage of manufactured stone vs real stone?
Manufactured stone is lighter weight (it does not require a footer), it’s less expensive to buy and install.
3. Can I buy at your showroom?
Although we would like you to support our dealers, you can buy directly from us.
4. Can I install it myself or do I need a mason?
Be attentive to detail and follow the recommended installation procedures. You can do a quality job if you don’t rush it. A poor installation can make any product look bad.
5. Anything special I need to know when installing a drystack stone outside?
Make sure the mortar seals the back of the stone on all sides. This will aid in weatherizing. Any moisture needs to run around the stone and not behind it. Moisture behind the stone will eventually pop the stone.
6. I need to return some stone.
Returns are subject to 25% restocking fee. We reserve the right to refuse returns of opened or altered boxes of stone. No returns on special orders.
7. When I open a new box, the stones are darker than I expected
These could be fresh stones that have not completely cured yet.
8. Can I apply stone directly to brick or block?
Yes. As long as the brick or block has never been sealed or painted. If it has, then a wire lath will need to be installed before the stone is applied.
9. Can I apply stone directly to cement board?
No. We still recommend installing metal lath to the cement board before the stone is applied.
10. Can I go to grade with Appleridge Stone?
Yes. Most manufactured stone must be 4” above the ground. Our stone has a low water absorption enabling it to be installed to grade level.
11. Is there an optimum temperature to apply the stone?
The air temperature should be 40 degrees for a minimum of 72 hours after the last stone is set.
12. Do I need a footer or support ledge?
No. Our manufactured stone is lightweight and does not require a footer or ledge.
13. Does the stone need to be sealed?
Our stone has a very low moisture absorption but we cannot guarantee the mortar, therefore it is the customer's option to seal or not. (If using our stone as a backsplash, we do recommend a sealer.) If you decide to seal we recommend a siloxane-based sealer.
14. I got some mortar drippings on the stone. How do I clean it?
(a) on small areas – let mortar dry completely, knock mortar off, brush with a stiff nylon brush (do NOT use a steel brush); or (b) on larger areas – try Sure Klean 600 Detergent New Masonry Cleaner by Prosoco (available at Appleridge). NEVER use acid for cleaning. DO NOT pressure wash.
15. Can I get special colors?
Yes. Please talk to one of our associates about custom coloring.
16. Will the stone fade?
The base color is throughout the stone. Other colors are absorbed in the manufacturing process. Like real stone there can be slight color changes after weathering for years.
17. Can I use this stone as flooring?
Our stone is not made for foot traffic.
18. How much does a box of stone weigh?
Depending on the stone pattern, boxes vary from 80 to 95 pounds.
19. How thick are the stones?
Stone thickness varies to 1 1/2” (Textured Ledgestone to 2”)
20. Are they individual stones or a panel of stone?
Our stones are all individual stones
21. What is efflorescence?
Efflorescence is a fine, white, powdery deposit of water-soluble salts left on the surface of masonry as water evaporates. Three conditions must exist before efflorescence can occur.
1. Soluble salts in the wall
2. A source of water that comes in contact with the salts and forms a salt solution
3. A pathway for the salt solution to migrate to a surface and evaporate.
Breaking the chain of conditions for efflorescence can be done with good details, the correct materials and quality construction.
30 years from date of installation. It will not flake, peel or blister. Surface colors will not run or streak in normal weathering. Does not include damages resulting from improper installation, willful abuse or negligence. Warranty does not include damage resulting from settlement of the building, movement in foundation or walls, or other failures of the structure. This warranty does not include surface discoloration due to air pollution, exposure to harmful chemicals, efflorescence, oxidation, or normal weathering of the surface.